The 100 years of the CPC is a history of unremitting struggle for the independence, liberation and prosperity of the Chinese nation and for the freedom, democracy and happiness of the Chinese people. We reviewed and summarized the 100 year struggle of the CPC. Over the past 100 years, the CPC has led the people of all ethnic groups in the country to go forward and struggle tenaciously, and has constantly won major victories in revolution, construction and reform, which is mainly reflected in the three major events completed and promoted by relying closely on the people:
First, we completed the new democratic revolution and achieved national independence and people"s liberation;
Second, we completed the socialist revolution, established the basic socialist system, and established an independent and relatively complete industrial system and national economic system;
Third, we have carried out reform and opening up and created, adhered to and developed socialism with Chinese characteristics. This is a great achievement that the CPC will always be proud of and that the Chinese people will always remember.
After 100 years of struggle, creation and accumulation, the great achievements are concentrated in opening up the socialist road with Chinese characteristics, forming the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and establishing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. We should understand the scientific connotation of this road, theoretical system and system, and require the Party and the people to cherish, adhere to and develop continuously. Facing the future, our Party should unite and lead the people to move forward. The most fundamental thing is to hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, adhere to and expand the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, adhere to and enrich the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and adhere to and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics.
Standing at a new historical node, Comrade Mao Zedong once compared the great cause led by our Party to the Long March, pointing out that the founding of New China was only the first step towards the end of the Long March. Today, we have completed the second and third steps. Looking ahead, we should firmly take the fourth step, the fifth step and even more and bigger steps. To this end, the leaders of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) have long warned that we have every reason to be proud of all the achievements made by the Party and the people, but we have no reason to be complacent. We must not and will never rest on the past merit books. Therefore, our party celebrates the 100th anniversary of the founding of the party. Its main purpose is not only to continue, but also to open up.
The Party"s history fully reflects the value of people first, the historical materialism that the people are real heroes, and the ruling concept that the Party is founded for the public to govern for the people. It puts forward new requirements for the whole Party to thoroughly implement the mass line. To promote ideological and cultural work and promote the construction of spiritual civilization, we should firmly establish the views of the masses, stand firmly on the position of the masses, and implement the concept of people-oriented and governing for the people in all work. We should adhere to the principle of "all for the masses", publicize and guide the masses, sincerely serve the masses, do more good deeds to warm the hearts of the people, focus on meeting the spiritual and cultural needs of the masses, and let the people share the fruits of cultural reform and development. We should closely rely on the masses, take the practice and creation of the masses as the source of promoting work, and take the satisfaction of the masses as the first criterion to test the effectiveness of work, so that the construction of spiritual civilization can obtain the broadest, most reliable and strongest mass foundation and source of strength. We should put the relationship with the people in order, put the people in the heart, enhance their feelings, establish their feelings, and always maintain flesh and blood ties with the people.
Focusing on carrying forward the past and opening up the future, China"s rapid development over the past xx years has relied on reform and opening up, and China"s future development must also rely on reform and opening up unswervingly. We should adhere to the line, principles and policies since the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC), strengthen confidence and courage, implement the spirit of reform and innovation in all aspects of governance, and strive to advance reform and opening up. We should continue to firmly focus on economic development and unswervingly follow the path of scientific development; We should continue to vigorously promote the construction of socialist democracy and unswervingly follow the path of socialist political development with Chinese characteristics; We should continue to vigorously promote the development and prosperity of socialist culture and unswervingly develop advanced socialist culture; We should continue to vigorously safeguard and improve people"s wellbeing and unswervingly promote the building of a harmonious socialist society. In this regard, only by keeping in mind and unswervingly can we advance the great cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics in an all-round way at a new historical starting point.
We must continue to write a new chapter in the future with new great practices. We must adapt to the new situation and new tasks, comprehensively promote the new great project of Party building, and comprehensively promote the great cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. We must carefully study and deeply understand, integrate our thoughts and actions into the speech spirit, implement the speech spirit into all work, and make our own contributions to sound and rapid economic and social development.
From 1921 to 2021, the CPC has gone through a 100 year history. The centennial history of the CPC can be divided into four historical periods: the period from the establishment of the CPC in July 1921 to the establishment of the People"s Republic of China in October 1949 is the period of the new democratic revolution; From October 1949 to December 1978, the Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee was held, which was a period of socialist revolution and construction; From December 1978 to November 2012, the 18th CPC National Congress was held, which is a new period of reform and opening up and socialist modernization; Since November 2012, it has been a new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics. In these four historical periods, the CPC has completed and promoted four major events. Four major events have made the CPC one hundred years brilliant.
The first major event is the groundbreaking: the CPC completed the great cause of saving the country during the new democratic revolution. China"s modern history began with the Opium War in 1840. Since then, China has gradually become a semi colonial and semi feudal society. In order to change the tragic and humiliating fate of the Chinese nation, the Chinese people and countless people with lofty ideals have carried out arduous exploration and indomitable struggle. The feudal ruling class launched the Westernization Movement, the peasantry launched the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Uprising and the Boxer Movement, and the bourgeois reformers and revolutionaries successively launched the Reform Movement of 1898 and the Revolution of 1911, but all of them eventually failed. It is in this historical background that the CPC stepped onto the Chinese political stage.
On July 23, 1921, the First National Congress of the Communist Party of China was held in Shanghai. A few days later, it ended on the red boat in Nanhu Lake, Jiaxing, Zhejiang Province. The convening of the First National Congress marked the formal establishment of the CPC. Different from other political parties and political organizations in China in the past, the CPC, once established, took the realization of communism as its highest ideal and ultimate goal, and established its original intention and mission of seeking happiness for the Chinese people and rejuvenation for the Chinese nation.
In the arduous exploration and practice, the CPC insisted on combining the basic principles of Marxism with the specific reality of the Chinese revolution, united and led the Chinese people to find a correct revolutionary path of encircling the cities from the countryside and seizing power with arms, fought bloody battles for 28 years, defeated Japanese imperialism, overthrew the reactionary rule of the Kuomintang, completed the new democratic revolution, and established the People"s Republic of China. In this process, the Party led the people to bleed and die, and went through countless difficulties and dangers. It can be said that the Red Regime and New China have not come easily. According to incomplete statistics, from 1921 to 1949, more than 3.7 million famous revolutionary martyrs died in China, averaging more than 370 people a day. They really explained the lofty feelings and aspirations of "how ambitious they are to sacrifice and how dare they teach the sun and the moon to change the sky" with their actions.
The founding of New China marks the victory of the anti imperialist and anti feudal new democratic revolution of the masses of the people led by the CPC, and declares that the Chinese people have stood up ever since!
It completely ended the history of the semi colonial and semi feudal society in old China, completely ended the fragmented situation in old China, and completely abolished the unequal treaties imposed on China by the powerful countries and all the privileges of imperialism in China. The Chinese people really became the masters of the country and society, realizing the great leap from thousands of years of feudal autocracy to people"s democracy in China.
The second major event is to transform the world: the CPC completed the great cause of rejuvenating the country during the period of socialist revolution and construction.
At the beginning of the founding of New China, due to the long war, the domestic economy was depressed and the people lived in poverty. The remnants of the Kuomintang were waiting for an opportunity to sabotage, causing serious banditry. Some places have not been liberated, and many grassroots governments have not yet established political power. Western countries led by the United States isolate us politically, block us economically, and threaten us militarily. On June 25, 1950, the Korean Civil War broke out, followed by the invasion of Korea by the United States and the invasion of the Taiwan Strait by the Seventh Fleet. The new People"s Republic of China is under serious security threat. After full discussion and comprehensive measurement, the CPC Central Committee and Chairman Mao Zedong made the strategic decision of "Resisting US Aggression and Aid Korea, Safeguarding the Country". The War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea has created the national prestige of New China, increased the prestige of the CPC among the people of the whole country, improved the national self-confidence and pride of the Chinese people, maintained peace in Asia and the world, and New China has a firm foothold.
Similarly, how to build socialism and how to promote China"s modernization is also a new topic for the CPC at the beginning of the founding of New China. In 1956, China"s socialist transformation was completed, the basic socialist system was established, and large-scale socialist construction began, making great achievements. Under the strong leadership of the CPC, and through the self-reliance and hard work of the people all over the country, we soon achieved countless firsts in Chinese history: the first aircraft, the first car, the first tractor, the first atomic bomb, the first hydrogen bomb, the first man-made earth satellite, and the first nuclear submarine were successfully launched, The first bridge, the Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge, was designed and built by ourselves. It was the first time in the world that bovine insulin was artificially synthesized, and strong heterosis indica hybrid rice was successfully cultivated for the first time. After more than 20 years of struggle, an independent and relatively complete industrial system and national economic system have been initially established.
To carry out the socialist revolution and establish the basic socialist system is the first generation of the Party"s central collective leadership with Comrade Mao Zedong at its core, which has united and led the whole Party and the people of all ethnic groups to make great achievements. It reflects the will of the Chinese people, conforms to China"s reality, and conforms to the trend of historical development. This most extensive and profound social change in the history of the Chinese nation has laid the fundamental political premise and institutional foundation for all development and progress in contemporary China, and provided valuable experience, theoretical preparation and material basis for creating socialism with Chinese characteristics. The CPC united and led the Chinese people to realize the great leap of the Chinese nation from "the sick man of East Asia" to standing up during the period of the new democratic revolution, the socialist revolution and construction.
The third major event is earth shaking: the CPC promotes the cause of enriching the country in the new era of reform and opening up and socialist modernization
It is extremely difficult to explore China"s own socialist construction path in a country with backward economy and culture in the light of national conditions. Since it is exploration, there will be mistakes. While our Party has made achievements in exploration, it has also made mistakes, even serious mistakes, since 1958. There have been setbacks in the Great Leap Forward, the People"s Commune Movement and the "Cultural Revolution" civil unrest that has affected the overall situation for a decade. In the face of the serious consequences of the "Left" mistakes, our Party made a profound reflection.
The convening of the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in 1978 realized a great turning point of far-reaching significance in the history of the Party since the founding of New China, and opened a new era of reform, opening up and socialist modernization. After the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the second generation of central collective leadership with Comrade Deng Xiaoping at its core, in the face of the crisis caused by the "Cultural Revolution", united and led the whole Party and the people of all ethnic groups with great political and theoretical courage, profoundly summarized the positive and negative experience of China"s socialist construction, learned from the historical experience of socialism in the world, emancipated the mind and sought truth from facts, We made a historic decision to shift the work center of the Party and the state to economic development and carry out reform and opening up, clearly put forward our own path and build socialism with Chinese characteristics, formulated the "three-step" development strategy, established the basic line for the primary stage of socialism, profoundly revealed the essence of socialism, created Deng Xiaoping Theory, and scientifically answered a series of basic questions about building socialism with Chinese characteristics, We have successfully created socialism with Chinese characteristics in the process of rectifying chaos and reform and opening up.
After the Fourth Plenary Session of the Thirteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in 1989, the third generation of central collective leadership of the Party with Comrade Jiang Zemin at its core, faced with the complicated situation at home and abroad, faced with the severe test of the twists and turns of world socialism, united and led the whole Party and the people of all ethnic groups, adhered to the Party"s basic theory and line, firmly defended socialism with Chinese characteristics, and established the Party"s basic program and basic experience in accordance with new practice, We have established the reform goal and basic framework of the socialist market economy system, established the basic economic system and distribution system in the primary stage of socialism, put forward the basic strategy of governing the country according to law, advanced the new great project of Party building, formed the important thought of "Three Represents", created a new situation of comprehensive reform and opening up, and successfully pushed socialism with Chinese characteristics into the 21st century.
After the 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 2002, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, with Comrade Hu Jintao as the General Secretary, firmly seized and made good use of the important strategic opportunity period, united and led the whole Party and the people of all ethnic groups, actively promoted practical innovation, theoretical innovation and institutional innovation, insisted on people-oriented, comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development, built a socialist harmonious society, accelerated the construction of ecological civilization, focused on ensuring and improving people"s livelihood, and promoted social fairness and justice, We have promoted the building of a harmonious world, promoted the building of the Party"s governing capacity and progressiveness nature, formed a scientific outlook on development, and successfully adhered to and developed socialism with Chinese characteristics in the great practice of building a well-off society in an all-round way.
In the new period of reform and opening up and socialist modernization, China"s economy has developed rapidly and society has maintained long-term stability. From 1978 to 2012, China"s economy grew rapidly, becoming the world"s second largest economy and the world"s largest exporter. It has become the "world factory" since the industrial revolution in the 18th century, following the United Kingdom, the United States, Japan and Germany, and entered the ranks of middle-income countries in 2010. The CPC has united and led the Chinese people to realize the great leap of the Chinese nation from standing up to becoming rich in the new era of reform and opening up and socialist modernization.
The fourth major event is earth shaking: the CPC is advancing in the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics and will realize the great cause of becoming a powerful country by the middle of this century
Great projects, great undertakings and great dreams, coordinated promotion of the "five in one" overall layout, coordinated promotion of the "four comprehensive" strategic layout, insisted on improving and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, advanced the modernization of the national governance system and capacity, solved many problems that have been unsolved for a long time, accomplished many important things that had been wanted but not done in the past, and promoted the cause of the Party and the country to achieve historic achievements Historical changes have taken place to push socialism with Chinese characteristics into a new era.
The historic achievements and changes in the cause of the Party and the country in the new era are reflected in the following aspects: unswervingly and comprehensively strengthen the Party"s leadership over all work, and greatly enhance the Party"s cohesion, combat effectiveness, leadership and appeal. We will unswervingly implement the new development concept and promote China"s development towards higher quality, more efficiency, more fairness, more sustainability and more security. China has become the world"s second largest economy, the largest industrial country, the largest trade country in goods, and the largest foreign exchange reserve country, contributing about 30% to world economic growth. A large number of landmark achievements have been made in manned space flight, lunar exploration project, quantum communication, supercomputing, submarine deep diving, large aircraft manufacturing, aircraft carrier, etc. We will unswervingly deepen the reform in an all-round way, and promote the reform to a new situation of making all-round efforts, making breakthroughs in multiple areas, stepping fast and steadily, and advancing in depth. The basic institutional framework in various fields has been basically established. In many fields, historic changes, systematic reconstruction and overall reconstruction have been achieved. We will unswervingly and comprehensively promote the rule of law, and the Party"s ability to use legal means to lead and govern the country has improved significantly. We will comprehensively promote scientific legislation, strict law enforcement, fair administration of justice, and law abiding citizens, and make new progress in building the rule of law. We will unswervingly strengthen the Party"s leadership over ideological work, and further consolidate the ideological unity of the whole Party and society. The guiding role of Marxism in the ideological field has been strengthened, core socialist values have been vigorously promoted, cultural undertakings and cultural industries have flourished, and the country"s cultural soft power has been significantly enhanced. We will unswervingly adhere to ensuring and improving people"s wellbeing on the basis of development, and people"s sense of gain, happiness and security will continue to rise. The achievements of poverty alleviation have attracted worldwide attention. Under the current standards, all rural poor people have been lifted out of poverty. Over the past eight years, nearly 100 million people have been lifted out of poverty, and 832 poverty-stricken counties across the country have all been lifted. The people"s living standards have improved significantly, with more than 400 million middle-income people. Higher education has entered the popularization stage. The number of new urban jobs has exceeded 10 million annually for many years in a row. The world"s largest social security system has been established, with basic medical insurance covering more than 1.3 billion people and basic old-age insurance covering nearly 1 billion people. The average life expectancy of residents has increased to 77.3 years. We will unswervingly advance the construction of ecological civilization and take important steps in building a beautiful China. Great efforts have been made to control environmental pollution, and the deterioration of the ecological environment has been reversed. We will unswervingly advance the modernization of national defense and the armed forces, and make historic breakthroughs in the reform of national defense and the armed forces. Major changes have been made in the organizational form of the armed forces. We have unswervingly promoted major country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics, creating an international peaceful environment for China"s development and a good surrounding environment. China"s voice in the world has been enhanced and its influence on the world has been expanding. We will unswervingly promote strict governance of the Party in an all-round way, and consolidate the Party"s foundation of governance and the masses. We have achieved remarkable results in comprehensively and strictly governing the Party, and an overwhelming trend in the fight against corruption has been formed and consolidated.
In the new era, the CPC has made a strategic plan for building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, starting a new journey of building a socialist modern country in an all-round way, and realizing the Chinese Dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China divided the realization of the second centenary goal into two stages. The first stage, from 2020 to 2035, will basically realize socialist modernization; In the second stage, from 2035 to the middle of this century, we will build China into a modern socialist power that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious and beautiful, and realize the Chinese Dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The Proposal of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Formulating the Fourteenth Five Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development and the Vision for 2035, which was deliberated and adopted at the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, outlines the vision for 2035. According to the prospect of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, by the middle of this century, China will have comprehensively improved its material, political, spiritual, social and ecological civilization, modernized its national governance system and capacity, become a country with leading comprehensive national strength and international influence, achieve common prosperity for all people, and enjoy a happier and healthier life, The Chinese nation will stand tall among the nations of the world with a more lofty attitude.
The new era is of special significance in the centennial history of the CPC. The new era is an era of inheriting the past and opening up the future, continuing to win the great victory of socialism with Chinese characteristics under the new historical conditions, an era of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, and then building a modern and powerful socialist country in an all-round way, and an era of people of all ethnic groups working together to create a better life and gradually realizing common prosperity for all.
In the new era, unprecedented changes have taken place in the face of the Party, the country, the people, the army and the Chinese nation. These changes have profoundly affected China and the world. In the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the CPC has united and led the Chinese people to welcome the Chinese nation from
China - This is a country that makes me proud. I am proud to grow up in such a civilized, prosperous and powerful country.
Since our country was founded on October 1, 1949, it has been a poor and white country. Through constant efforts, our predecessors have made our country stronger and stronger. In the past, our country did not have atomic bombs and hydrogen bombs, and foreign powers often threatened us with these two things. After unremitting efforts, our scientists finally succeeded in the test in Lop Nur, Xinjiang, on October 16, 1964. Then, on June 17, 1967, our hydrogen bombs were also successfully tested. In 1970, our man-made satellites were also successfully launched, as our second generation of great people said, China did not have atomic bombs or hydrogen bombs Without launching satellites, China will have no significant influence. This is the ability of a nation and the standard of a country"s prosperity.
Our country continued to reform and open up. During the 30 years of reform and opening up, our country"s comprehensive national strength has risen, and people"s lives have been better protected. In 20XX, our country successfully applied for the Olympic Games. On November 20, 1999, we successfully launched Shenzhou 1. We Chinese people have worked hard to build our lovely motherland, playing a song and dance of inspiring good news, and our people have closely united to produce great strength.
Today, I am proud of growing up in this country. I want to grow up in such a happy sunshine. I want to study hard and contribute a little bit to the country and society in the future to build our country into a better and more prosperous country.